Learn the Arabic letter Yaa with word samples 2024

The Arabic letter Yaa ي is the 28th letter in the Arabic alphabet. It has -almost- the shape of a duck with two dots down.

In addition to the isolated form, this letter has 3 forms in an Arabic word.

The shapes of the letter Yaa ي:

TerminalMiddleInitialIsolated
ـيـيـيـي

How to pronounce Yaa ي? 

The pronunciation of the letter Yaa ي is the same as the pronunciation of the English letters Y, I, and EE. 

Examples of words with Yaa ي:

Here are some examples of the letter Yaa ي at the beginning, middle, and end of the word:

The initial Yaa ي:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
يقطينPumpkinYaqtin  
يومDayYawm
يمامةDoveYamama

The middle Yaa ي:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
سيّارةCarSayyaara
بعيدFarBa’eed
سريعFastSaree’ 

The terminal Yaa ي:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
كرسيChairKursii
رأيOpinionRaa’y
صبيBoySabii

The letter Yaa ي with the Harakat حركات:

The letter Yaa ي with fat.ha فتحة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
ثيَابClothesThiyab
ريَاضةSportsRiyada
يَعسوبDragonflyYaa’sub

The letter Yaa ي with the Damma ضمة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
بيُوتHousesBuyut
يُوسفيtangerineYusifi
عيونEyesOu’un

The letter Yaa ي with Kasra كسرة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
جيِّدGoodJayyed  
سيِّءBadSayee
قيِّمValuableQayye

The letter Yaa ي with Sukuun سكون:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
حليْبMilkHalib
قميْصShirtQamis
عيْنEyeAyin

The letter Yaa ي as a long vowel and weak letter

The letter Yaa ي is one of the Arabic long vowels which are: Alif ا, Waaw و and Yaa ي. In Arabic, these letters are called “weak letters حروف العلة”, because they can change between each other. Here is an example that explains more:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
مشى(He) walkedMasha
يمشي(He) is walkingYamshi
رمى(He) threw Rmaa
يرمي(He) is throwingYarmii

The verbs رمى ، مشى have Alif maqsoura ى (the shortened Alif) in the end, which is actually Yaa ي because the root letters of these words are: ر م ى ، م ش ي. The letter Yaa ي is weak and changed into Alif maqsoura ى.
In the verbs مشى ، يمشي you see that Yaa ي has not changed. So in many cases, you will meet Yaa ي transformed into Alif maqsoura ى.

Other roles of the letter Yaa ي

The letter Yaa ي in Arabic could be added to the end of a noun as an attached pronoun “my”, for example:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
بيتيMy houseBayti
يوميMy dayYawmi
سيارتيMy carSayyarati
  • The word بيت means “house”. However, بيتي means “my house”.
  • The word يوم means “day”. However, بيتي means “my day”.
  • The word سيارة means “car”. However, بيتي means “my car”.

The letter Yaa ي is one of the easy Arabic letters which are not difficult to pronounce, as its sound exists in many other languages. And its isolated and terminal shapes are not similar to any other Arabic letter.
The shape of the Initial and middle Yaa يـ ، ـيـ might be confusing as it is close to the Initial شىي middle Taa  تـ ، ـتـ, Noun  نـ ، ـنـ , Baa  بـ ، ـبـ  and Thaa  ثـ ، ـثـ . You need to pay attention to the dots of these five letters.

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