Learn the Arabic letter Waaw with word samples 2024

The Arabic letter Waaw “و” is the 27th letter in the Arabic alphabet. It has the shape of a banana with a filled or hollow circle on top.

This letter has only two forms (initial and middle) an Arabic word, as it does not connect the following letter.

The shapes of the letter Waaw و:

TerminalMiddleInitialIsolated
ـوـووو

How to pronounce Waaw و? 

The pronunciation of the letter Waaw و is the same as the pronunciation of the English letter W. Sometimes, Waaw و is pronounced like the English O and U as it is one of the three Arabic long vowels.

Examples of words with Waaw و:

Here are some examples of the letter Waaw و at the beginning, middle, and end of the word:

The initial Waaw و:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
وجهFaceWajh
ورقةPaperWaraqa
وطواطBatWatawat

The middle Waaw و:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
ليمونLemonLaymun
ضوءLightDaw‘ 
هروبEscapeHurub

The terminal Waaw و:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
جروPuppyJaru
عفوForgivenessAfuw
نموGrowthNumuw

The letter Waaw و with the Harakat حركات:

The letter Waaw و with fat.ha فتحة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
وَحشMonsterWahsh
ألوَانColorsAlwan
وَاحدOneWahed

The letter Waaw و with the Damma ضمة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
وُجوهFacesWujuh
وُحوشMonstersWuhush
وُقودFuelWuqud

The letter Waaw و with Kasra كسرة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
طاوِلةTableTawila
وِسادةPillowWisada
أدوِيةDrugsAdwya

The letter Waaw و with Sukuun سكون:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
هدوْءCalmHuduu‘  
زوْرقBoatZawraq
حوْضTankHawd

The letter Waaw و with Hamza ء

Sometimes Hamza ء is put over the letter Waaw و and sound the same as if they are separated. Here are some examples of the letter Waaw و with Hamza ء in the middle and end of the word:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
سؤالQuestionSu’aal 
تفاؤلOptimismTafa’awu
تنبؤPredictionTanabbo’ 

The letter Waaw و as a long vowel and weak letter

The letter Waaw و is one of the Arabic long vowels which are: Alif ا, Waaw و and Yaa ي. In Arabic, these letters are called “weak letters حروف العلة”, because they can change between each other. Here is an example that explains more:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
قال(He) saidQala
يقول(He) is sayingYaqul
باع(He) sold Baa’a
يبيع(He) is sellingYabee

The verb قال has Alif ا in the middle, which is actually Waaw و because the root letters of this word are: ق و ل. The middle letter Waaw و is weak and changed into Alif ا in the verb “said”.
In the word يقول, you see that Waaw و has not changed. So in many cases, you will meet Waaw و transformed into Alif ا.

Other roles of the letter Waaw و 

The letter Waaw و in Arabic also means “and”, and pronounced “Wa”, for example:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
أنا وأنتMe and you Ana wa anta

You can also find Waaw و at the end of the verb conjugated with هم which means they,  for example:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
هم قالواThey saidHom qalou

Waaw و here refers to the plural pronoun هم.

The letter Waaw و is one of the easy Arabic letters which are not difficult to pronounce, as its sound exists in many other languages. And its shape is similar to the letters Raa ر and Zai ز.

Also, remember that the letter Waaw و is one of the six letters that do not connect the following letters. These letters are:
1- Alif ا

2- Raa ر

3- Zaay ز

4- Dal د

5- Thal ذ

6- Waaw و

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