Learn the Arabic letter Qaf with word samples 2024

The Arabic letter Qaf ق is the 21st letter in the Arabic alphabet. It has -almost- the shape of the Arabic letter Noun ن, with a small circle on its right side and two dots over it. Its shape is also close to the shape of the letter Faa ف which is flatter and has one dot over it. In addition to the isolated form, this letter has 3 forms in an Arabic word.

The shapes of the letter Qaf ق:

TerminalMiddleInitialIsolated
ـقـقـقـق

How to pronounce Qaf ق? 

The pronunciation of the letter Qaf ق is so close to the pronunciation of the English letters K and Q, but it does not exist in English.
The pronunciation of Qaf ق comes deeply from your throat, it is like pronouncing K while putting the tongue farther back.

Examples of words with Qaf ق:

Here are some examples of the letter Qaf ق at the beginning, middle, and end of the word:

The initial Qaf ق:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
قفصCageQafas   
قلقWorryQalaq
قاربBoatQareb

The middle Qaf ق:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
مقصScissors  Miqass
مطرقةHammerMitraqa
صقرHawkSaqr

The terminal Qaf ق:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
لقلقStork  Laqlaq
صديقFriendSadiq
عنقNeckO’unuq

The letter Qaf ق with the Harakat حركات:

The letter Qaf ق with fat.ha فتحة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
قَمحWheatQamh
قَلمPenQalm
قَبرGraveQabr

The letter Qaf ق with the Damma ضمة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
نقُودCash moneyNuqud
قُطنCottonQutn
قُنفذHedgehogQunfuth

The letter Qaf ق with Kasra كسرة:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
قِطارTrainQitar  
قِفلLockQifl
قِصةStoryQissa

The letter Qaf ق with Sukuun سكون:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
نفقْSubway\Tunnel  Nafaq
برقْLightningBarq
مقْعدSeatMiqa’ad 

The letter Qaf ق is one of the Arabic letters which are difficult to pronounce. Some people mix up the pronunciation of Kaf ك and Qaf ق which is deeper.

FAQ about the letter Qaf ق:

What is the difference between the pronunciation Qaf ق and Kaf ك?

The pronunciation of Qaf ق is deeper and comes from your throat, while Kaf ك corresponds to K and its pronunciation comes from your mouth.

Is Qaf ق written on or over the line?

Qaf ق is written on the line, but if the following letter is written over the line, you should write Qaf ق over the line as well.

Is Qaf ق a sun or moon letter?

Qaf ق is a moon letter, so the Lam ل in الـ is pronounced when it is followed by Qaf ق.

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