learn singular and plural in Arabic language 2024

The noun in the Arabic language is divided into three sections: the singular, the dual, and the plural in Arabic. We will learn about the dual and the plural with its types in this lesson, please focus with us.

The dual (المُثنى)”almothana”:

The dual “المثنى” is every noun that indicates two things, and it exceeds the singular with an alif “ا” and noon“ن” or yaa “ي” and “ن” at the end of it.

Note:

  1. We add the “ا”and the “ن” when the singular noun is nominative (مرفوع).

•Example :

ArabicEnglishpronunciation
Singularتلميذ/تلميذةPupilTilmidh
/Tilmidha
Dualتلميذان /تلمذتانtwo studentstilmidhani
/tilmidhatani
The dual noun in a phraseدخل التلميذان/دخلت التلميذتان The two students entered.Dakhala atilmidhani /Dakhalati atilmidhatani

2. We add the “ي” and the “ن” when the singular noun is drawn (مجرور)or accusative(منصوب).

•Example :

ArabicEnglishpronunciation
Singularتلميذ
/تلميذة
PupilTilmidh /Tilmidha
Dualتلميذين /تلميذتين two studentsTilmidhayni /Tilmidhatayni
The dual in a phraseذهبت إلى التلميذين/
ذهبت إلى التلميذتين
I went to the two studentsDhahabtu ila atilmidhayni/
Dhahabtu ila atilmidhatayni

The plural(الجمع) “aljamea”:

The plural “الجمع” is every noun that indicates more than two things, the plural of a singular noun is by adding letters at the end of it or by changing it completely.

The plural in the Arabic language is of 3 types: the broken plural(جمع التكسير), the Peaceful masculine plural (جمع المذكر السالم)and the Peaceful feminine plural(جمع المؤنث السالم).

The plural types :

1.The Peaceful masculine plural”جمع المذكر السالم” “jameo almodhakar asalim”

It is a plural that denotes more than two masculine nouns and is formed by adding the letters “و” and “ن” or “ي” and “ن” at the end of it.

Note :

  1. We add the “و“and the “ن” when the singular noun is nominative(مرفوع).

•Example :

ArabicEnglishpronunciation
حضر المهندسون إلى القاعة The engineers came to the hall.Hadhara almohandisona ila alqaeati.

2. We add the “ي” and the “ن” when the singular noun is drawn (مجرور)or accusative(منصوب).

•Example :

ArabicEnglishpronunciation
ناديت البائعين ليأخذوا بضائعهمI called the sellers to take their goods.Nadaytu alba’ieina liya’khodu badha’ieahom.

Common Examples of Peaceful Masculine Plural :

The singular noun in Arabic pronunciationThe plural noun in ArabicpronunciationThe singular and the plural noun in English
1معلمMualimمعلمون/معلمينMualimun/Mualimeenteacher/teachers
2مدربMudarribمدربون/مدربينMudarribon/MudarribeenCoach/coaches
3بحارBahharبحارون/بحارينBahharon/BahhareenSailor/Sailors
4مخترعMukhtarieمخترعون/مخترعينMukhtariun/MukhtarieenInventor/inventors
5مسافرMusafirمسافرون/مسافرينMusafirun/MusafireenTraveler/travelers
6لاعبLaeibلاعبون/لاعبينLaeibon/LaeibeenPlayer/Players
7فلاحFallahفلاحون/فلاحينFallahon/FallaheenPeasant/Peasants
8مبرمجMubarmijمبرمجون/مبرمجينMubarmijun/MubarmijeenProgrammer/Programmers
9مصممMussamimمصممون/مصممينMussamimun/MussamimeenDesigner/Designers
10زائرZa’irزائرون/زائرينZa’iron/Za’ireenVisitor/Visitors
11مؤمنMu’minمؤمنون/مؤمنينMu’minun/Mu’mineenBeliever/Believers
12مسلمMuslimمسلمون/مسلمينMuslimun/MuslimeenMuslim/Muslims
13شيوعيShuyueiشيوعون/شيوعينShuyueiyun/ShuyueiyeenCommunist/Communists
14جزائريDjaja’iriجزائريون/جزائريينDjaza’riyun/Djaza’iriyeenAlgerian/Algerians
15أمريكي‘Amrikiyأمريكيون/أمريكيين‘Amrikiyun/’AmrikiyeenAmerican/Americans
16سعوديSueudiسعوديون/سعوديينSueudiyun/SueudiyeenSaudi/Saudis
17موظفMuwadhafموظفون/موظفينMuwadhafun/MuwadhafeenEmployee/Employees
18مبدعMubdieمبدعون/مبدعينMubdieun/MubdieenCreative/Creatives
19مميزMumayazمميزون/مميزينMumayazun/MumayazeenSpecial
20مهنيMihaniمهنيون/مهنيينMihaniyun/MihaniyeenProfessional/Professionals
21كاتبKatibكاتبون/كاتبينKatibon/KatibeenWriter/Writers
22مؤلفMu’alifمؤلفون/مؤلفينMu’alifun/Mu’alifeenAuthor/authors
23محاربMuharibمحاربون/محاربينMuharibun/MuharibeenWarrior/Warriors
24كذابKadhabكذابون/كذابينKadhabun/KadhabeenLiar/Liars
25صادقSadiqصادقون/صادقينSadiqun/SadiqeenHonest

About the word “Peaceful” السالم” :

It is called the peaceful plural because its singular did not change when it was transformed into the plural. The radical remained the same. We only added letters at the end of it. We say that its singular has survived from the change.

2.Te Peaceful feminine plural”جمع المؤنث السالم””jameo almo’anathi asalim”

It is a plural that denotes more than two feminine nouns and is formed by deleting the “ة” at the end, and adding the letters alif”ا” and taaت” at the end of this noun.

•Example :

ArabicEnglishpronunciation
SingularطبيبةDoctorTabibah
PluralطبيباتDoctorstabibat
The plural noun in a phraseقابلت طبيبات في ساحة المدرسةI met doctors in the schoolyard.qabaltu tabibatin fi sahati almadrasati

•Common Examples of Peaceful feminine Plural :

The singular noun in Arabic pronunciationThe plural noun in ArabicpronunciationThe singular and the plural noun in English
1مهندسةMuhandisahمهندساتMuhandisatEngineer/Engineers
2معلمةMualimahمعلماتMualimatTeacher/Teachers
3كاتبةKatibahكاتباتKatibatWriter/Writers
4ممثلةMumathilahممثلاتMumathilatActress/Actresses
5مغنيةMughaniyahمغنياتMughaniyatSinger/Singers
6مصممةMussamimahمصمماتMussamimatDesigner/Designers
7مبرمجة MubarmijahمبرمجاتMubarmijatProgrammer/Programmers
9جميلةJamilahجميلاتJamilatBeautiful/Beauties
10سعيدةSaeidahسعيداتSaeidatHappy
11حزينةHazinahحزيناتHazinatSad
12متفاءلةMutafa’ilahمتفائلاتMutafa’ilatOptimistic/Optimists
14قصيرةQasirahقصيراتQasiratShort/Shorts
15مهذبةMuhadhabahمهذباتMuhadhabatPolite/Polites
16مطيعةMutieahمطيعاتMutieatObedient/Obedients
18سعيدةSaeidahسعيداتSaeidatHappy
20ناجحةNadjihaناجحاتNadjihatSuccessful

3.The broken plural “جمع التكسير””jameo ataksir”

It is a plural that denotes more than two nouns and is formed by a complete change of its singular noun.

The reason for calling it the broken plural is because it breaks the singular noun and changes it in its plural, it is different from the peaceful masculine plural and the peaceful feminine plural.

The broken plural does not have fixed rules, we will try to simplify it as much as possible.

I will put a table for you in which I arrange the frequently used nouns and their plural.

The singular noun in Arabic pronunciationThe plural noun in ArabicpronunciationThe singular and the plural noun in English
1قلمQalamأقلام‘AqlaamPencil/Pencils
2عَلَمAelamأعلام‘AelaamFlag/Flags
3حلمHulmأحلام‘AhlaamDream/Dreams
4عدوAeduwأعداء‘Aedaa’Enemy/Enemies
5لونLawnألوان‘AlwaanColor/Colors
6يتيمYatimأيتام‘AytaamOrphan/Orphans
7زمنZamnأزمان‘AzmaanTime/Times
8لبنLabanألبان‘AlbaanMilk/ Dairy
9يومYawmأيام‘AyaamDay/Days
10ثوبThawbأثوابAthwabDress/Dresses
11عنقOenoqأعناق‘AenaaqNeck/Neck
12فِعل Fielأفعال‘AfeaalAct/Acts
13قُفل Qoflأقفال‘AqfaalLock/Locks
14طفلTiflأطفال‘AtfaalChild/Children
15كوبkubأكواب‘AkwaakCup/Cups
16عم Eammأعمام‘AemaamUncle/Uncles
17طعامTaeamأطعمة‘AteimahFood/Foods
18رغيفRagheefأرغفة‘ArghifahLoaf/Loaves
19عمودAemudأعمدة‘AemidahPole/Poles
20عينAeynأعين‘AeyunEye/Eyes
21رِجلRijlأرجل‘ArjulFoot/Feet
22سهمSahmسهامSihaamArrow/Arrows
23قلبQalbقلوبQuluubHeart/Hearts
24حَبHabحبوبHubuubGrain/Grains
25عِلمEilmعلومEuluumScience/Sciences
26قرضQardhقروضQuruudhLoan/Loans
27سمSummسمومSummuumVenom/Venoms
28كريمKareemكرماءKuramaa’generous
28بخيلBakheelبخلاءBukhalaa’Stingy
30عميلEameelعملاءEumalaa’Client/Clients
31سجينSajeenسجناءSujanaa’Prisoner/Prisoners
32غنيGhaniyأغنياء‘Aghniyaa’Rich
33زعيمZaeemزعماءZueamaa’Leader/Leaders
34غرفةGhorfahغرفGhorafRoom/Rooms
35علبةEulbahعلبEulabCan/Cans
36دميةDumyahدمىDumaaDoll/Dolls
37دبDubbدببةDibabahBear/Bears
38قط QittقططQittattCat/Cats
39كتابKitaabكتبKutubBook/Books
40طريقTtareeqطرقTtoroqWay/Ways
41مسجدMasjidمساجدMasajidMosque/Mosques
42كنيسةKanisahكنائسKana’isChurch/Churches
43أحمر‘AhmarحمرHumrRed
44أزرق‘AzraqزرقZurqBlue

•In this lesson, we learn the singular, dual, plural and their rules, and most of the words and nouns used in the Arabic language. All you have to do is repeat the information and take the rules into account, good luck.

Related Lessons

harakat
Arabic prepositions
verbs in arabic
numbers in Arabic

What is the plural of the word مبتسم?

It is “مبتسمون/مبتسمين””Mubtasimun/Mubtasimin”.(The Peaceful masculine plural)

What is the plural of the wordنجم?

It is “نجوم” Nujuum”
(The broken plural)

What is the singular of the wordمدارات?

It is “مدار” Madaar”

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