Numbers in Arabic language 2024 counting from 0 to infinity

Numbers are an essential part of our life. People use them almost in all aspects of their lives, from business to education to daily life.

The first invention and use of numbers started about 4,000 BC in Sumeria, one of the earliest civilizations. The counting system they used was based on sixty and called “sexagesimal”.

The Hindu-Arabic numerals were invented in India by the Hindus between the 6th and 7th centuries. Later, in the 12th century, they were introduced to Europe through the writings of Middle Eastern mathematicians, like Al-Khwarizmi, who, later, designed the Arabic numbers that are mostly used today. He based their shapes on the number of angels that each one has.

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Today we are going to talk about Arabic numbers and how to count in Arabic.

English versus Hindu-Arabic numerals

The Hindu-Arabic numerals are quite different from the ordinary Arabic numerals we use. In the following table you can see a comparison between them:

Hindu-Arabic numeralsWestern-Arabic numerals
٠0
١1
٢2
٣3
٤4
٥5
٦6
٧7
٨8
٩9
١٠10

Hindu numerals are rarely used nowadays in Arab countries, so you do not have to memorize them.

Arabic counting from zero to ten

The most essential part of learning numbers in Arabic is the set of numerals. They make it easier to learn the next numbers.

Let’s start by learning Arabic numbers from 1 to 10, as presented in the table:

NumeralArabic Pronunciation
0صفرsefr
1واحدWahed
2اثنانEthnan
3ثلاثةThalatha
4أربعةArba’a
5خمسةKhamsa
6ستةSitta
7سبعةSab’aa
8ثمانبةThamanya
9تسعةTis’aa
10عشرةAshara

To learn how to pronounce each numeral in Arabic, you can watch the video below.

  • Numerals and numbers in Arabic are related to gender, which means they could be feminine or masculine. Each Arabic numeral between three and ten ends with a “Taa marbuta” تاء مربوطة which means that they are feminine.
  • The numeral one in Arabic has no “Taa marbuta” in the end, because it is masculine.
  • The numeral two is dual, which we call in Arabic “muthanna” مُثنّى. 

Arabic counting from 11 to 19

Numbers from 11 to 19 are slightly similar to the numerals. The next table represents them:

NumberArabic Pronunciation
11أحد عشرAhada ashar
12اثنا عشرEthnaa ashar
13ثلاثة عشرThalathata ashar
14أربعة عشرArba’ata ashar
15خمسة عشرKhamsata ashar
16ستة عشرSittata ashar
17سبعة عشرSab’ata ashar
18ثمانية عشرThamanyata ashar
19تسعة عشرTis’ata ashar

To learn how to pronounce each number in Arabic, you can watch the video below.

  • Numbers from 13 to 19 consist of two parts, the first part is the Arabic numeral (3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) which is femenine, the second is the word عشر which means ten, and it is masculine.
  • The number 11 also consists of two parts, the first part is أحد which is masculine, the second is the word عشر.
  • The number 12 consists of two parts, the first part is the word two اثنا which is masculine dual, the second is the word عشر.

Multiples of 10 in Arabic

To compose a multiple of 10, we take the corresponding numeral, remove the “Taa marbuta,” then add the ending “woun”ون, as mentioned in the table:

NumberArabic Pronunciation
20عشرونEishroun
30ثلاثونThalathoun
40أربعونArba’oun
50خمسونKhamsoun
60ستونSittoun
70سبعونSab’oun
80ثمانونThamanoun
90تسعونTis’oun

You can watch the video below to learn how to pronounce each number in Arabic.

Hundreds in Arabic

The hundreds between 300 and 900 consist of two parts. The first part is the corresponding masculine numeral, the second is the word مئة, which means hundred.

100 hundred is مئة, and to write 200 we just add ان “an” to it, as you can see in the table:

NumberArabic Pronunciation
100مئةMi’aa
200مئتانMi’atan
300ثلاث مئةThalathu mi’aa
400أربع مئةArba’u mi’aa
500خمس مئةKhamsu mi’aa
600ست مئةSittu mi’aa
700سبع مئةSab’u mi’aa
800ثمان مئةThamanu mi’aa
900تسع مئةTis’u mi’aa

Some of you may ask about 200 why we added “tan” while we’ve said we just add “an” it’s due to the t “taa marbota” (ة) is already there but it pronounced as “ah” and when it’s connected to another letter we pronounce it as “taa” it’s a kind of an advanced level clarification if your a beginner don’t pay a lot of attention about it.

Thousands in Arabic

The thousands consist of two parts. The first part is the corresponding feminine numeral, the second is the word “ألف”, which means thousand, as you can see in the table:

NumberArabic Pronunciation
1000ألفAlf
2000ألفانAlfan
3000ثلاثة آلافThalathatu aalaf
4000أربعة آلافArba’atu aalaf
5000خمسة آلافKhamsatu aalaf
6000ستة آلافSittatu aalaf
7000سبعة آلافSab’atu aalaf
8000ثمانية آلافThamaniyatu aalaf
9000تسعة آلافTisa’atu aalaf

You can watch the video below to learn how to pronounce each number in Arabic.

Numbers from 21 to 99

In these numbers, we put together the numerals and multiples of ten that we mentioned above. Still, when we read them, unlikely English, we begin with the ones then continue to tens, putting “و” which means “and” in-between, as you can see in the examples:

NumberArabic Pronunciation
52اثنان وخمسونEithnan wa khamsun
78ثمانية وسبعونThamanya wa sab’oun
33ثلاثة وثلاثونThalatha wa thalathoun
42اثنان وأربعونEithnan wa arba’oun
99تسعة وتسعونTis’aa wa tis’oun

As you see, the idea is very simple. All you need is to practice by mixing the numerals and multiples of ten. always check if you’re doing it right by using the google translater and hearing the right pronunciation for the number you tried to create.

Numbers from 101 to 9999

In these numbers, we put together the numerals, tens, hundreds, and thousands. To read the number, we start from thousands, then continue to hundreds, then ones, and lastly tens, putting “و” which means “and” between each part, as you can see in the examples:

NumberArabic Pronunciation
110مئة وعشرةMi’aa wa ashara
563خمس مئة وثلاثة وستونKhamsu mi’aa wa thalatha wa sittun
1280ألف ومئتان وثمانونAlf wa mi’atan wa thamanoun
2021ألفان وواحد وعشرونAlfan wa wahed wa oushroun
5608خمسة آلاف وست مئة وثمانيةKhamsatu aalaf wa sittumi’a wa thamanya
9125تسعة آلاف ومئة وخمسة وعشرونTis’atu aalaf wa mi’a wa khamsa wa oushroun

It may look harder than the numbers from 21 to 99, but still, practice always makes perfect ;).

Million and billion in Arabic

Million in Arabic is the same as English: مليون. However, a billion in Arabic is مليار, and when we read such a number we start with it, then we continue to the less as mentioned above.

The plural of million is ملايين and the plural of billion is مليارات.
Here are some examples:

NumberArabic Pronunciation
1,755,830مليون وسبع مئة وخمسة وخمسون ألفاً وثمان مئة وثلاثونmilyun wa sab’umiaya wa khamsa wa khamsuna alfaan wa thamanu mi’aa wa thalathun
5,800,130خمسة ملايين وثمان مئة ألف ومئة وثلاثونkhamsatu malayin wa thamanu mi’ati ‘alf wa mi’aa wa thalathwn
1,960,320,000مليار وتسع مئة وستون مليوناً وثلاث مئة وعشرون ألفاًmilyar wa tis’u mi’aa wa sittwun mlywnaan wa thalathu mi’aa wa eishrwun alfaan
3,600,123,990ثلاثة مليارات وستة ملايين ومئة وثلاثة وعشرون ألفاً وتسع مئة وتسعونthalathatu milyarat wa sitatu malayin wa mi’aa wa thalatha wa eishruna alfaan wa tis’u mi’aa wa tis’un

Related Lessons

Arabic alphabet
harakat
Arabic prepositions
plural in Arabic
verbs in Arabic

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