Learn verbs in Arabic basics & details – 2024

The sentence in the Arabic language consists of a noun, a verb, and a preposition. And the verb in the Arabic language is conjugated to three tenses: the past and the present, as is the case in the English language, But there is a different tense in the Arabic language, which is the Imperative (الأمر)(Al ‘amr).

The verb in the Arabic language is very complex, each class of verbs has its own rules, and there are many exceptional cases, and for this, we will try to present this lesson in the simplest way possible and useful to you, let’s get started.

What is a verb in arabic?

The verb is a word that indicates an event linked to a tense.

•Example:

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
أكل أحمد التفاحةAhmed ate the appleAkala ‘ahmado ‘atofaha

Note with us this example: the verb here is (أكل) and it tells us that Ahmed is the one who did the action, and in the past tense, then we conclude that the verb provided us with two pieces of information.

The most Commonly used Arabic Verbs

Verbs that express feelings:

The male:

The PresentThe Past The Imperative
ُيَضْحَك/ Yadhako/ (he) Laughs َضَحِك/ Dhahika/(he) laughedاِضْحَك/ ‘Idhahak/ Laugh
يَبْكي/ Yabkii/ (he) Criesبَكِيَ/Bakiya/(he) Criedاِبكِ/ ‘Ibki/ Cry
يَقْلَق/ Yaqlaqo/ (he) Worriesقَلَقَ/ Qalaqa/ (he) Worriedاِقْلَق/ ‘Iklak/ Worry
يَضْجَرُ/ Yadhjero/ (he) is boredضَجِرَ/ Dhajira / (he) got boredاِضْجَرْ / ‘IDhjar/ be bored
يَهْدَأُ / Yahda’o / (he) calms downهَدَأ / Hada’a / (he) was calmedْاٍهْدَأ / ‘Ihd’a’ / calm down
يَتَحَمَسُ / Yatahamasu / (he) got excitedتَحَمَسَ / Tahamasa / (he) get excitedتَحَمَسْ / Tahamas / be excited
يُهَذِبُ / Yuhathibu / (he) polites هَذَبَ/ Hatthhaba /(he) politedهَذِبْ / Hatthhib / be polite
يَنْعَسُ/ Yaneso / (he) sleepsنَعِسَ / Naeisa / (he) sleptاِنْعَسْ / ‘Inaas / sleep
يَعْطَشُ / Yaettashu / (he) thirstsعَطِش / Attisha / (he) thirstedاِعْطَشْ / ‘Iettash / thirst
يُحِبُ / Yuhibbu / (he) lovesأَحَبَ / ‘Ahabba / (he) lovedأَحُبِبْ / ‘Ahibib / love
يَكْرَهُ / Yakrahu / (he) hatesكَرِهَ / Kariha / (he) hatedاِكْرَه / ‘Ikrah/ Hate
ُيَبْتَسِم / Yabtasimu / (he) smilesاِبْتَسَمَ / ‘Ibtasama / (he) smiledاِبْتَسِمْ/ ‘Ibtasim/ smile
يَغْضَبُ / Yaghdhabu / (he) got angryغَضِبَ / Ghadhiba / (he) get angryاِغْضَبْ / ‘Ighdab / be angry

The female:

The Present The Past The Imperative
تَضْحَكُ/ Tadhaku / (She) Laughs ضَحِكَتْ/ Dahikat / (She) laughed اِضْحَكِي / idhakii / Laugh
تَبْكِي / tabkii / (She) Cries بَكَتْ / bakat/ (She) Cried اِبْكِي / ibkii / Cry
تَقْلَقُ / taklaku / (She) Worries قَلِقَتْ / kalekat / (She) Worried اِقْلَقِي /iklaki / Worry
تَضْجَرُ / tadjoru / (She) is bored ضَجِرَتْ / Dhajirat / (She) got bored اِضْجَرِي / idjarii / be bored
تَهْدَأُ / tahdaʾu / (She) calms down هَدَأَتْ / hadaʾat / (She) was calmed اِهْدَئِي / ihdaʾii / calm down
تَتحَمَسُ / Tatahammasu / (She) got excited تَحَمَسَتْ / Tahammasat / (She) get excited تَحَمَسي / Tahammasi / be excited
تُهَذِّبُ / tuhathibu / (She) polites هَذَّبَتْ / hathabat / (She) polited هَذِّبِي / hathibii / be polite
تَنْعَسُ / tan’eau / (She) sleeps نَعَسَتْ / Naeisat / (She) slept اِنْعَسِي / in’asii / sleep
تَعْطَشُ / tattoshu / (She) thirsts عَطِشَتْ / Attishat / (She) thirsted اِعْطَشِي / ittashii / thirst
تُحِبُ / Tuhibu / (She) Loves أَحَبَّتْ / ʾAHabbat / (She) lovedأَحِبِّي /ʾaHibbii / love
تَكْرَهُ / takrahu / (She) Hatesكَرِهَتْ / karihat / (She) Hatedاِكْرَهِي / ikrahii / hate
تَبْتَسِمُ / tabtasimu / (She) smiles اِبْتَسَمَتْ / ibtasamat / (She) smiled اِبْتَسِمِي / ibtasimii / smile
تَغْضَبُ / taghDabu / (She) got angry غَضِبَتْ / ghaDibat / (She) get angryاِغْضَبِي / ighDabii / be angry

•Examples :

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
يضحك الفقراء على الرغم من مشاكلهم الكثيرةThe poor laugh despite their many problems.Yathahaku al fuqara’o ‘ala aroghmi min mashakilihim al kathira
يبكي الرضيع دائما عندما يكون جائعا أو يتألمThe baby always cries when he is hungry or in pain.Yabkee aradhieo da’iman ‘eindama yakono ja’iean aw yata’alam.
تقلق أمي كثيرا عندما يتأخر أخي بالرجوع الى المنزلMom gets very worried when my brother comes home late.Taqlaqo ‘Omi kathiran ‘eindama yata’akharo ‘akhi birojoehe ‘ila al manzil
يحب معلمي طرد المشاكسين قبل بدء الفصل حتى لا يضايقوهMy teachers like to kick out brawlers before class starts so they don’t bother him.Yuhibu mu’alimi ttarda al moshakisina qabla bad’i al fassli hata la yodhayiquoh
يبتسم النبي محمد صلى الله عليه وسلم دائما عندما يلقي خطبتهThe Prophet Muhammad, salla allaho ealayhi wasalam, always smiles when he delivers his sermonYabtasimu anabiyu muhamad salla allaho ealayhi wasalam da’iman eindama yulqi khotbataho
يغضب أبي دائما لأتفه الأسبابMy father is always angry for the most trivial reason.yaghdhabu ‘abi da’iman li’atfahi al asbabi

verbs that express movement :

The male:

The PresentThe PastThe Imperative
يَصْحو / Yasehuu / (he) wakes up صَحا / Saha / (he) waked upاُصْحُ / Oseho / wake up
يَتَوَضأُ / Yatawadha’o / (he) makes woddo’تَوَضَأ / Tawadha’a / (he) made woddo’تَوَضَأ / Tawadha’ / make woddo’
يُصَلي / Yussalli / (he) praysصَلى/ Ssalla / (he) prayedصَلِّ/ Ssali / pray
يَأكُلُ / Ya’kolo / (he)  eatsأَكَلَ / ‘Akala / (he) ateكُلْ / kol / eat
يَشْرَبُ /Yashrabo / (he) drinksشَرِبَ/ shariba / (he) drankاِشْرَبْ / ‘Ishrab / drink
يَدْخُلُ / Yadkholo / (he) entersدَخَلَ / dakhala / (he) enteredاُدْخُلْ / ‘Odkhol / enter
يَخْرُجُ / Yakhrojo /(he) outs خَرَجَ / kharaja / (he) outedاُخْرُجْ / ‘Okhroj / out
يَعْمَلُ / Yaemalo / (he) worksعَمِلَ / Eamala / (he)  workedاِعْمَلْ / ‘Iemal / work
يَسْتَريحُ / Yastarih / (he) restsاِسْتَرَاحَ / ‘Istaraha / (he) restedاِسْتَرِحْ / ‘Istarih / rest
يَنامُ / Yanamu / (he)  sleepsنَامَ / naama /(he) sleptنَمْ / nam / sleep
يَسْتَيْقِظُ / Yastayqitho/ (he) Wakes upاِسْتَيْقَظَ / ‘Istayqatha / (he) woke upاِسْتَيْقِظْ / ‘Istayqith / wake up
يَرْكَبُ/ Yarkabu / (he) ridesرَكِبَ / Rakiba / (he) rodeاِرْكَبْ / ‘Irkab / ride
يَصْعَدُ / Yaseadu / (he) ascendsصَعِدَ / Ssaeida / (he) ascendedاِصْعَدْ / ‘Issead / ascend
يَهْبِطُ / Yahbittu / (he) landsهَبَطَ / Habatta / (he)  landedاُهْبُطْ / ‘uhbutt / land
يَنْزِلُ / Yanzilu / (he)  descendsنَزَلَ / Nazala / (he)  descendedاِنْزِلْ / ‘Inzal / descend
يَبْدَأُ / yabda’u / (he)  startsبَدَأَ / badaʾa / (he) startedاِبْدَأْ / ibdaʾ / start
يَلْبِسُ / Yalbasu / (he) wearsلَبَسَ / Labasa / (he) woreاِلْبِسْ / ‘Ilbis / wear
يُشَاهِدُ / Yushahidu / (he) sees شَاهَدَ / Shahada / (he) sawشَاهِدْ / Shahid/ see
يَكْتُبُ / YUaktubo / (he) writesكَتَبَ / Kataba / (he) wroteاُكْتُبْ / ‘ Oktob / write

The female:

The Present The Past The Imperative
تَصْحُو / Tassehuu / (She) wakes up صَحَتْ / Ssahat / (She) waked upاُصْحِي / Usehii / wake up
تَتَوَضأُ / Tatawadha’u / (She) makes woddo’ تَوَضَأَتْ / Tawadha’at / (She) made woddo’ تَوَضَئِي / Tawadha’ii / make woddo’
تُصْلِي / Tussali / (She) prays صَلَتْ/ Salat / (She) prayed صَلّي / Ssali / pray
تَأْكُلُ / taʾkulu / (She) eatsأَكَلَتْ / ʾakalat / (She) ate كُلِي / kulii / eat
تَشْرَبُ / tashrabu / (She) drinks شَرِبَتْ / sharibat / (She) drankاِشْرَبِي / ishrabii / drink
تَدْخُلُ / tadkhulu / (She) entersدَخَلَتْ/ dakhalat / (She) enteredاُدْخُلِي / udkhulii / enter
تَخْرُجُ / takhruju / (She) outsخَرَجَتْ / kharajat / (She) outedاُخْرُجِي / ukhrujii / out
تَعْمَلُ / taemalu / (She) worksعَمِلَتْ / eamilat / (She) workedاِعْمَلِي / iemali / work
تَسْتَرِيحُ / tastariihu / (She) restsاِسْتَرَاحَتْ / istaraahat / (She) restedاِسْتَرِيحِي / istariihii / rest
يَنامُ / tanaamu / (She) sleepsنَامَتْ / naamat / (She) sleptنَامِي / naamii / sleep
تَسْتَيْقِظُ / tastayqitho / (She) wakes upاِسْتَيْقَظَتْ / ‘Istayqathat / (She) woke upاِسْتَيْقِظِي / ‘Istayqithii / wake up
تَرْكَبُ / tarkabu / (She) ridesرَكِبَتْ / rakibat / (She) rodeاِرْكَبِي / irkabii / ride
تَصْعَدُ / taseadu / (She) ascendsصَعِدَتْ / saeidat / (She) ascendedاِصْعَدِي / iseadii / ascend
تَهْبُطُ / tahbuTu / (She) landsهَبَطَتْ / habaTat / (She) landedاُهْبُطِي / uhbuTii / land
تَنْزِلُ / tanzilu / (She) descendsنَزَلَتْ / nazalat / (She) descendedاِنْزِلِي / inzilii / descend
تَبْدَأُ / tabdaʾu / (She) startsبَدَأَتْ / badaʾat / (She) startedاِبْدَئِي / ibdaʾii / start
تَلْبِسُ / talbisu / (She) wearsلَبَسَتْ / labasat / (She) woreاِلْبِسِي / ilbisii / wear
تُشَاهِدُ / tushaahidu / (She) watchesشَاهَدَتْ / shaahadat / (She) watchedشَاهِدِي / shaahidii / watch
تَكْتُبُ / taktubu / (She) writesكَتَبَتْ / katabat / (She) wroteاُكْتُبِي / uktubii / write

•Examples :

ArabicEnglishPronunciation
يصحو أبي كل يوم للذهاب الى السوقMy father gets up every day to go to the market.yasehu ‘Abi kola yawmin lidhahabi ‘ila asoqi
تأكل أختي رقائق البطاطس دائماMy sister always eats potato chips.Ta’kolo ‘okhti raqa’iqa al battattissi da’iman
يعمل جدي كمزارع بعد الظهيرةMy grandfather works as an afternoon farmerYaemalo jadi kamozariein baeda athahirati
ينام الناجح ستة ساعات يومياThe successful person sleeps six hours a day.Yanamu anajiho sitata saaeaatin yawmiyan

Thus, we have enriched our knowledge about verbs and got acquainted with more than 20 verbs with their conjugation to all tenses, but this is not all when we say “verb” in the Arabic language that comes after a lot of complex rules. Who we studied in the second part of our lesson for today Follow us.

Related Lessons

Verbs in detail

Classifying the verb in the Arabic language is somewhat difficult because there are many types and each type has its own rules. In this lesson, we will address one of these types and take examples of it.

Types of verbs in terms of tenses :

The verb is divided into three parts in terms of the time in which it occurred: the past tense, the present tense, and the imperative verb.

The form of the verb varies according to the time in which it occurred, and that is by a partial change of its letters. Therefore, we can easily distinguish between past verbs, present verbs, and imperative verbs.

Note:

Every sentence that begins with a verb is called a “الجملة الفعليةphrasal verb

1. The Past verb

It is a verb that happened earlier in the past. The past verb in Arabic language is always ” مبني ” ” Mabnii” Because its “اعراب” ” ierab” does not change according to its position in the sentence.

The past verb can be three-letter 1, four-letter 2, five-letter 3, or six-letter 4:

ArabicEglishThe Pronunciation
كَتَبَ 1wroteKataba
تَعَلَّمَ 2learnedTaealama
اِصْطَدَمَ 3bumpedIssttadama
اِسْتَخْرَجَ 4extractedIstakhraja

Examples :

ArabicEnglish The Pronunciation
لعب مدير المدرسه مع التلاميذ في الساحةThe school principal played with the students in the yardLaeiba modiro al madrasati maea atalaamiithi fi asahati
أكلت قطتي الفأر الذي كان تحت الخزانةMy cat ate the mouse under the cupboardAkalat qittatii ‘al fa’ra alathi kana tahta alkhizanati
درب أبي أخي على حسن المعاملةMy father trained my brother to be kindDaraba ‘abi akhi eala husni al mueamala
كتب المؤلف عمرو عبد الحميد روايات جميلة جدا ومشوقةThe author Amro Abdel Hamid wrote very beautiful and interesting novelsKataba almo’alif Amro Abdel Hamid riwayatin jamilatin jidan wa mochawiqa
استعمل جدي الديدان لصنع الحبر الأحمر من أجل الكتابةMy grandfather used worms to make red ink for writingIstaemala Jadii adidana lisonei al hibri al ‘ahmari min ‘ajli al kitabati
تعرضت سارة الى حادث مرور هي وعائلتهاSarah and her family had a traffic accidentTaearadhat sara ‘ila hadithi mororin hiya wa ea’ilatuha

2. The present verb

The present verb is a verb that indicates an action in the present tense. The present tense always begins with this four letters: “ن” “أ ” “ت” “ي

These four letters can be combined in the word “نأتي” which means “ we come

The present verb has three cases in the Arabic language, and this is in the field of “الاعراب” :

1. مرفوع ” marfuue” with damma
2. مجزوم” majzoom” with sukoon
3. منصوب ” manssoob” with fatha

Examples :

Arabic English The Pronunciation
يقرأreadsYaqra’o
ِْتَسْأَلasksTas’al
َيُعَلِم teaches Yoealima

Examples :

Arabic English The Pronunciation
الطالبان ينتظران الحافلةThe two students are waiting for the busattalibani yantadhirani alahafilata
خذِ القلمَ لتكتبَTake the pen to writekhoth al qalama li taktoba
تكره أمي عندما أعود متسخ الثيابMy mom hates me when I come back with dirty clothestakraho ommi eindama ‘aeodo motasikha athiyabi
يملأ الصياد دلوه بالسمك كل يوم جمعةEvery Friday the fisherman fills his bucket with fishyamla’o asayado dalwahu bi samaki kola yawmi jomoeatin
لن أدرس للامتحانI will not study for the examlan ‘adrosa lil ‘imtihaani
تتصل جدتي كلما اشتاقت اليGrandma calls me whenever she misses metatassilu jadati kulama ‘ishtaqat ilay

Note :

the present verb can’t be ” مجرور” ” majroor”

3. The Imperative verb

It is a request to do a certain thing or action in the future tense. The imperative verb in Arabic language is usually” مبني ” ” Mabnii

Examples :

Arabic English The Pronunciation
اُرْسُمْdrawUrsum
تَعَلَّمِيlearnTaealamii
كُلْeatKul
اُضْرُبْHitUdhrob
اُطْبُخْcook‘ottbokh
اِسْأَلْask‘Is’al

Examples :

Arabic English The Pronunciation
ارسم بقلم الرصاصDraw with a pencilOrsom biqalami arrassassi
تعلمي ان تكوني امرأة محترمةLearn to be a respectable womanTaealami an takonii ‘imra’atan muhtaramatan
كُلْ البيض لأنه مفيد للصحةEat eggs because they are good for healthKul al baydha li’anahu mofidon li ssihati
اعمل لتحسين ظروف معيشتكWork to improve your living conditionsiemal litahsini dhorofi maeishatika
اغسلوا أسنانكم جيداBrush your teeth wellIghsilo asnanakom jayidan
سامح أخاك على ما فعله بكForgive your brother for what he did to youSaamih akhaka eala ma faealaho bika

we studied for today the verb in the Arabic language, we saw many examples of it, and we got acquainted with more than 50 verbs, and then we moved to detail so that we saw that the verb in the Arabic language changes with the change of time in which it occurred, and this is by changing some of its letters, and this feature enables us Distinguishing between past, present, and imperative verbs.

And as we always tell you, the Arabic language is not something that is impossible for you to just study and persevere and repeat the information over and over to prove it in the mind. What is required of you is patience in this language to master it well and professionalism in it. Good luck.

Related Lessons

which pronouns those verbs are conjugated?

To: he=هو(howa) and she = هي(hiya)

What is the rule you rely on?

There are many rules.

What is the verb for bathing in the Arabic language?

It is : ( يَسْتَحِمُ )

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