Learn common nouns in Arabic language- 2024

Nouns are one of the major parts of any language, as the main vocabulary that you can learn in Arabic. Unlike English nouns, nouns in Arabic are divided into three categories: Singular المفرد, Dual المثنى, and Plural الجمع. In this article, we are going to talk about singular nouns, a part of grammar related to Arabic nouns in addition to nouns in some fields.

The definite article “Al”ال 

The definite article in Arabic is called “أداة التعريف adatu atta’rif” and it is added to the beginning of nouns and adjectives to make them definite, it is the equivalent of the word “the” in English. The first letter after ال is either sun or moon letter.

Sun letters “الحروف الشمسية” are 14: (ﻥ ,ﻝ ,ﻅ ,ﻁ ,ﺽ ,ﺹ ,ﺵ ,ﺱ ,ﺯ ,ﺭ ,ﺫ ,ﺩ ,ﺙ ,ﺕ).

When ال is added to a noun starts with a sun letter, ل will be silent and called “لام شمسية lam shamsya” and the first letter will be doubled with shadda ّ. For example: 

Before adding الAfter adding ال
شمسالشّمس

The word شمس shams meanس “sun”. As you see in the example, the letter ش has not shadda ّ over it before adding the definite article ال. You can read this article for more details about shadda.

Moon letters “الحروف القمرية” are the rest of the alphabet: ( ه ,ﻱ ,ﻭ ,ﻡ ,ﻙ ,ﻕ ,ﻑ ,ﻍ ,ﻉ ,ﺥ ,ﺡ ,ﺝ ,ﺏ ,أ).

When ال is added to a noun that starts with a moon letter, nothing will be changed and ل will be called “لام قمرية lam qamariya”.

An exercise on the definite article “Al”ال 

Practice adding the definite article ال to these nouns in arabic:

EnglishArabic (without ال)PronunciationArabic (with ال)
1.GiraffeزرافةZarafa______________
2.TurtleسلحفاةSulhufa______________
3.CatقطQett______________
4.BatخفاشKhaffash______________
5.DeerغزالGhazal______________
6.PeaceسلامSalam______________
7.SummerصيفSayf______________
8.SunشمسShams______________
9.EveningمساءMasaa’______________
10.DressثوبThaub______________

When a noun or adjective is indefinite, it has tanween above or below the last letter. You can read this article for more details about it, Harakat.

Arabic nouns for Family members

In the following table, we mentioned the main family members with an example for each one.

Arabic EnglishPronunciation
1.أبFatherAb
اشترى الأب بيتاً جديداً لعائلته.The father bought a new house for his family.Ishtaraa al’ab bytaan jdydaan li’ayilateh.
2.أمMotherUm
تحضّر الأم الطعام كل يوم.Mother prepares food every day.Tuhaddiru al’umu attaeam kulla yawm.
3.أخBrotherAkh
ربّ أخ لم تلده أمك.There may be a brother (for you) not born by your mother.Rubba akhin lam taliduhu ummuk.
4.أختSisterOukht
تساعد الأخت أمها في أعمال المنزل.The sister helps her mother with the housework.Tusa’idu al’oukht umaha fi a’mali almanzil.
5.ابنSonIbn
يعمل ابني أستاذاً في المدرسة.My son works as a school teacher.Ya’malu ibni oustathaan fi almadrasata.
6.ابنةDaughterIbna
لديّ ابنة واحدة عمرها خمس سنوات.I have one daughter who is five years old.Ladyya ibna wahida oumruha khamsu sanawat.
7.زوجHusbandZawj
زوجي يعمل مهندساً.My husband works as an engineer.Zawji ya’amalu mhndsaan.
8.زوجةWhifeZawja
زوجتي تسافر كل عام إلى فرنسا.My wife travels to France every year.Zawjati tusafiru kulla a’am ilaa faransa.
9.عمّPaternal uncleA’m
يعمل عمّي مزارعاً في الأرجنتين.My uncle works as a farmer in Argentina.Ya’amalu ammi muzari’an fi al’arjantin.
10.خالMaternal uncleKhal
يأتي خالي لزيارتنا كل أسبوع.My uncle comes to visit us every week.Ya’ti khali liziaratina kulla usbuu’.

Arabic nouns At the restaurant 

In the next table, we mentioned some of the vocabulary used in a restaurant with an example for each one.

Arabic EnglishPronunciation
1.طاولةTableTawila
هناك خمس عشرة طاولة في حديقة المطعم.There are fifteen tables in the restaurant’s garden.Hunaka khamsata ashrata tawila fi hadiqati almat’am. 
2.كرسيChairKursi
كم عدد الكراسي في المطعم؟How many chairs are in the restaurant?Kam a’dadu alkarasii fi almat’am? 
3.صحنPlateSahn
أعطني صحناً نظيفاً، من فضلكGive me a clean plate, please.A’atini s-hnaan nzyfaan, min fadlik 
4.كأسGlassKa’as
أريداً كأساً من الماء البارد، لو سمحت.I would like a glass of cold water, please.Uridu ka’san min almaa’ albared, law samaht. 
5.ملعقةSpoonMil’aqa
هلّا وضعت ملعقة من السكر في كوب الشاي؟Can you put a teaspoon of sugar in the cup of tea?Halla wada’ta mil’aqa min assukar fi kubi ashaay?
6.شوكةForkShawka
بعض الأشخاص يستخدمون أعواد الطعام بدلاً من الشوكة.Some people use chopsticks instead of a fork.Ba’adu al’ashkhas yastakhdimuna a’wad atta’am badalaan min ashuwka.
7.سكّينKnifeSekkin
هناك شوكة وسكين بجانب كل صحن على الطاولة.There is a fork and knife next to each plate on the table.Hunaka shawka wa sikiyn bijaneb kulla sahn ‘alaa ataawila. 
8.طبق رئيسيMain dishTabaq ra’esi
ما هو الطبق الرئيسي لديكم اليوم؟What is your main dish today?Ma huwa attabaq alra’ysi ladaykum alyawm? 
9.مقبلاتAppetizersMuqabbilat
هناك الكثير من أنواع المقبلات على لائحة الطعام.There are many types of appetizers on the menu.Hunaka alkathir min anwaa’ almuqbbilat ‘alaa la’yihati atta’am. 
10.حمّامWC\bathroomHammam
أين الحمام في هذا المطعم؟Where is the bathroom in this restaurant?Ayna alhammam fi hatha almat’am?

Nouns in arabic for School tools 

In the following table, you can see some vocabulary related to the classroom with an example for each one.

Arabic EnglishPronunciation
1.مقعد صفclass seatMaq’ad saff
كم مقعد هناك في الصف؟How many seats are there in the class?Kam maq’ad hunaka fi assaf? 
2.ورقةPiece of paperWaraqa
اكتب إجاباتك على ورقة بيضاء.Write your answers on a white piece of paper.Iktub iijabatek ‘alaa waraqa bayda’a. 
3.مقصScissorsMiqass
قص الورقة إلى أربعة أجزاء متساوية باستخدام المقصCut the paper into four equal parts using scissors.Quss alwaraqa ilaa arba’ati ajzaa’ mutasawia bi’stikhdam almiqas.
4.قلمPenQalam
أعطني ورقة وقلم، من فضلك.Give me a pen and a piece of paper, please.A’atini waraqatan wa qalma, min fadleka. 
5.دفترNotebookDaftar
اكتب في دفترك هذه التمارين الجديدة.Write in your notebook these new exercises.Oktob fi daftark hathihi attamarin aljadida. 
6.كتابBookKitab
أريد أن أشتري هذا الكتاب.I want to buy this book.Uridu an ashtari hatha alkitab. 
7.حقيبةBagHaqiba
حقيبتي اليوم ثقيلة جداً، وضعت فيها الكثير من الكتب.My bag today is very heavy, I put a lot of books in it.Haqibati alyawm thaqila jiddaan, wada’tu fiha alkathir min alkutub.
8.سبورةWhite\black boardSabbora
أكتب الدرس المكتوب على السبورة في دفتركWrite the written lesson on the board in your notebook.Oktob addarsa almaktob ala assabora fi daftarek.
9.بابDoorBaab
هناك ضجيج في الخارج، أغلق باب الصف.There is a noise outside, close the classroom door.Hunaka dajij fi alkharij, aghliq bab alsaf. 
10.سلة المهملاتTrash canSallatu almuhmalat
ارمِ أوراق المسودة في سلة المهملات.Throw the draft papers in the trash can.Irmi awraq almisawadda fi sallati almuhmalat.

Arabic nouns At the office

In the following table, we mentioned some words related to the office with an example for each one.

Arabic EnglishPronunciation
1.نافذةWindowNafitha
الطقس حار، افتح النافذة، من فضلك.It’s hot, open the window, please.Attaqs har, iftah annaafitha, min fadlek. 
2.خزانةOffice cupboardKhizana
وضعت جميع الأوراق في هذه الخزانة.I put all the papers in this office cupboard.Wad’atu jamee’ al’awraq fi hathihi alkhizana. 
3.أدراجDrawersAdraj
أفرغت أدراج الطاولة من الملفات القديمة.I emptied the table’s drawers of old files.Afraghatu adraj attaawila min almalafaat alqadima. 
4.حاسوبComputerHasoub
أستخدم هذا الحاسوب كل يوم.I use this computer every day.Astakhdimu hatha alhasoub kulla yawm. 
5.طابعةPrinterTabi’a
هذه الطابعة قديمة، لا تعمل.This printer is old, not working.Hathihi attaabi’a qadima, la ta’mal. 
6.أريكةCouch\sofaArika
هذه الأريكة مخصصة للضيوف.This sofa is for guests.Hathihi al’arika mukhassasa lidduyuf. 
7.آلة حاسبةCalculatorA’ala hasiba
من الضروري وجود آلة حاسبة في المكتب.It is necessary to have a calculator in the office.Mn addarurii wujud aala hasiba fi almaktab. 

To wrap up the nouns in arabic

Nouns in Arabic or any other language can refer to people, plants, animals, objects, etc… That is why they make up a huge part of the Arabic vocabulary and it is important to focus on learning them when learning Arabic.

Answers to the exercise on the definite article ال  

Nouns in Arabic Pronunciation
1.الزَّرافةAzz-zarafa
2.السُّلحفاةass-sulhufa
3.القِطalqett
4.الخَفاشalkhaf-fash
5.الغَزالalghazal
6.السَّلامass-salam
7.الصَّيفass-sayf
8.الشَّمسash-shams
9.المَساءalmasaa’
10.الثّوبath-thaub

Related Lessons

Frequently asked questions:

1- How could Arabic nouns be categorized?

Nouns in arabic language could be categorized by gender: Feminine مؤنث or masculine مذكر. Or by quantity: Singular مفرد, Dual مثنّى and Plural جمع.

2- Can Arabic words have the definite article ال and nunation at the same time?

No, an Arabic word could only be definite with ال or indefinite with tanween or nunation

3- Is there any equivalent to the pronoun “it” in Arabic?

No, there are only هي which means “she”, and هو which means “he”.

What noun means in Arabic?

Nouns in arabic means “Names”

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