Learn Countries in Arabic with their nationalities – 2024

The Arabic language is the fifth most spoken language in the world with about 350 million native speakers and more than 70 million non-natives. Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations, and it is the religious language of 1.8 billion Muslims, as it is the language of the Quran.

Arabic is spoken in all 22 Arab countries “addual al’arabiya الدول العربية”, which are: Lebanon, Syria, Jordan, Iraq, Palestinian territories, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Bahrain, Yemen, Egypt, Somalia, Sudan, Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Mauritania, Djibouti, Comoros.

The Arab world (Middle East & North Africa)

Arab world
Arab world map

The Arab world “Alwatan al’arabi الوطن العربي” is located in Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Africa, and Eastern Africa, and stretches from Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Arabian Sea in the east, and from the Mediterranean Sea in the north to the Indian Ocean in the southeast, with about 436.08 million inhabitants in 22 Arab countries, which are members of the Arab League “Aljami’a al’arabiya الجامعة العربية”.

Each Arab country has its own spoken dialect besides the standard Arabic which is known as “fus-ha فصحى”. Arabic is the official language in all Arab countries. In addition, people in each Arab country have their culture, traditions, and general facial and body features. However, eventually, all Arab cultures and traditions are similar and most Arabs are Muslims.

How to say the nationality in Arabic?

The nationality in Arabic is “jensiye جنسية”. It consists of the name of the country with the letter yaa“ي” added at the end. And if it is a female, you also add a taa marbouta ة ـة -which is the sign on feminine nouns- in the end, for example: “Lebnanyye لبنانيّة“ means a Lebanese woman.

Arabic speaking countries:

In the next table we explain more about Arab countries and nationalities:

ArabicEnglish Pronunciation
Country & NationalityCountry & NationalityCountry & Nationality
1لبنان/لبنانيَLebanon\LebaneseLbnan\Lbnani

Lebanon or the Lebanese Republic “الجمهورية اللبنانية aljumhuriya allubnaniya” is located in western Asia. People in Lebanon speak French and English besides Arabic. Most of them are either Muslims or Christians. The capital of Lebanon is Beirut “بيروت”.

2سوريا/سوريّSyria\SyrianSurya\Suri

Syria or the Syrian Arab Republic “الجمهورية العربية السورية aljumhuriya al’arabiya assuriya” is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon to the southwest. The official language is standard Arabic. However, people speak many different dialects. The capital is Damascus “Dimashq دمشق”.

3الأردن/أردنيّJordan\JordanianAl’ourdon\Ourduni

Jordan, officially the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan “Almamlaka al’ourduniya alhashimiya المملكة الأردنية الهاشمية”, is a located in Western Asia, north Syria. The official language is Arabic. The capital is Amman “عمّان”.

4العراق/عراقيّIraq\IraqiAl’iraq\Iraqi

Iraq or ​​the Republic of Iraq “جمهورية العراق jumhuriyat al’iraq” is located in Asia, bordered by Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west. Its capital is Baghdad “بغداد”.

5الأراضي الفلسطينية/فلسطينيّPalestinian territories\PalestinianAl’aradi alfilastiniye\filastini

The term “Palestinian territories” describes the territories occupied by Israel since 1967, namely the West Bank and the Gaza Strip “Qita’a Ghazza قطاع غزة”. Its inhabitants are Palestinians and Israeli/Jewish settlers.

6المملكة العربية السعودية/ سعوديّSaudi Arabia\Saudi arabianAlmamlaka al’arabiya assaoudiya\Sa’oudi
7قطر/قطريّQatar\QatariQatar\Qatari
8عُمان/عُمانيّOman\OmaniOuman\Omani
9الإمارات العربية المتحدة،/ إماراتيّUnited Arab Emirates\EmiratiAl’imarat al’arabiya almuttahida\Emarati
11الكويت/كويتيّKuwait\KuwaitiAlkuwait\Kuwaiti
12البحرين/بحرينيّBahrain\BahrainiAlbahrain\Bahraini

All these countries border the Persian Gulf, that’s why they are called Arab gulf countries “duwal alkhaleej al’arabi دول الخليج العربي”. These are their capitals -in the order- starting from Saudi Arabia to Bahrain: Riyadh الرياض, Doha الدوحة, Muscat مسقط, Abu Dhabi أبو ظبي, Kuwait الكويت, Manama المنامة. 

10اليمن/يمنيّYemen\YemeniAlyaman\Yamani

Yemen or the Republic of Yemen “جمهورية اليمن jumhuriyat alyaman” is located in Western Asia. It borders Saudi Arabia to the north and Oman to the northeast and shares maritime borders with Eritrea, Djibouti, and Somalia. Its capital is Sana’a صنعاء.

13مصر/مصريّEgypt\EgyptianMisr\Misri

Egypt or the Arab Republic of Egypt “جمهورية مصر العربية jumhuriyat misr al’arabiya” is located in northeast Africa. It has Millennia-old monuments like Giza’s colossal Pyramids “Ahramat aljeeza أهرامات الجيزة” and Great Sphinx “Abu alholl أبو الهول”. The capital of Egypt is Cairo القاهرة.

Egypt has the highest population in the middle east, which is more than 102 million people.

14الصومال/صوماليّSomalia\SomaliAssumal\Somali

Somalia or Federal Republic of Somalia “جمهورية الصومال الفيدرالية jumhuriyat assumal alfideraliya” is located in the Horn of Africa “القرن الأفريقي alqarn al’afriqi”. It is bordered by Djibouti to the Northwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on Africa’s mainland. Its capital is Mogadishu مقديشو.

15السودان/سودانيّSudan\SudanianAssudan\Sudani

Sudan is located in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest. Its capital is Khartoum الخرطوم.

16ليبيا/ليبيّLibya\LibyanLibya\Libi
17تونس/تونسيّTunisia\TunisianTunis\Tunisi
18الجزائر/جزائريّAlgeria\AlgerianAljaza’er\Jaza’eri
19المغرب/مغربيّMorocco\MoroccanAlmaghreb\Maghribi
20موريتانيا/موريتانيّMauritania\MauritanianMoritania\Moritani

These countries are known as Arab Maghreb (المغرب العربي almaghrib al’arabi), which is the western part of North Africa and the Arab World. The official languages are: Arabic (Maghrebi Arabic), Amazigh languages, French, Spanish, and others.

In fact, the original people of North Africa are not Arabs at all they are Amazigh “أمازيغ” they speak their own language which is called Tamazight “تمازيغت” however after the expansion of Islam a lot of Arabs from Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iraq, and some other countries came to North Africa, as a result, Amazigh people have learned Arabic after they got into Islam besides ” Tamazight ” their original language.

The capitals of these countries -in order- are Tripoli طرابلس, Tunisia تونس, Algeria الجزائر, Rabat الرباط, Nouakchott نواكشوط.

21جيبوتي/جيبوتيّDjibouti\DjiboutianJibouti\Jibouti

Djibouti is mostly a French- and Arabic-speaking country it is located in the Horn of Africa. Its capital is Djibouti city جيبوتي.

22جزر القمر/قُمريّComoros\ComorianJouzor alqamar\Qumari

Comoros is a volcanic archipelago located off Africa’s east coast. Its capital is Moroni موروني and its official languages are Comorian, French, and Arabic.

You can watch the following video to learn how to pronounce these countries and nationalities.

Continents and countries in Arabic :

Continents
Illustration of world map isolated

Here we listed the 7 continents with the main countries and nationalities:

Asia (أسيا) :

ArabicEnglish Pronunciation
Country \ Nationality Country \ Nationality Country \ Nationality
1آسياAsiaAasya
1- الصين/صينيّ1- China\Chinese1- Assin\Sini
2- روسيا/روسيّ2- Russia\Russian2- Russia\Russi
3- الهند/هنديّ3- India\Indian3- Alhind\Hindi
4- إندونيسيا/إندونيسيّ4- Japan\Japanese4- Alyaban\Yabani
5- اليابان/يابانيّ5- Indonesia\Indonesian5- Indonesia\Indonesi
6- ماليزيا/ماليزيّ6- Malaysia\Malaysian6- Malaysia\Malysi
7- إيران/إيرانيّ7- Iran\Iranian7- Iran\Irani
8- باكستان/باكستانيّ8- Pakistan\Pakistani8- Bakistan\Bakistani
9- الفلبين/فلبينيّ9- Philippines\Philippine9- Alphilibin\Philobini
10- سينغافورة/سينغافوريّ10- Singapore\Singapore10- Singhafora\Singhafori

The most spoken languages in Asia are: Arabic العربية, Russian الروسية, Chinese الصينية, Hindi. The largest cities are: Tokyo طوكيو, Delhi ديلهي, Beijing بكين, Bangkok بانكوك, and Istanbul إسطنبول.

The pronunciation of these cities is the same as in English. However, it might be different for others. For example: Rome will be pronounced “Roma” in Arabic. 

Africa (أفريقيا) :

2أفريقياAfricaAfriqia
1- تشاد/تشاديّ1- Chad\Chadian
1- Chad\Chadi
2- زيمبابوي/زيمبابويّ
2- Zimbabwe\Zimbabwean2- Zimbaboi\Zimbaboi
3- نيجيريا/نيجيريّ3- Nigeria\Nigerian 3- Nigeria\Nigeri
4- إثيوبيا/إثيوبيّ4- Ethiopia\Ethiopian4- Ethiopia\Ethiopi
5- كينيا/كينيّ5- Kenya\Kenyan5- Kenya\Keni
6-تنزانيا/تنزانيّ6- Tanzania\Tanzanian6- Tanzania\Tanzani
7- كونغو/كونغيّ7- Congo\Congolese7- Congo\Congi

The most spoken languages in Africa are: Arabic العربية, Portuguese البرتغالية, Spanish الإسبانية, French الفرنسية, and Swahili السواحلية. 

The Largest cities are: Cairo القاهرة, Khartoum الخرطوم, Nairobi نيروبي, Johannesburg جوهانسبيرغ, Alexandria الإسكندرية and others.

North America (أمريكيا الشمالية) :

3أمريكا الشماليةNorth AmericaAmrika ashamaliya
1- كندا/كنديّ1- Canada\Canadian1- Canada\Kanadi
2- الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية/أمريكيّ2- United states of America\American2- Alwilayat almuttahide al’amrikiye\Amerki
3- المكسيك/مكسيكيّ3- Mexico\Mexican3- Almaxeek\Maxiki
4- كوبا/كوبيّ4- Cuba\Cuban 4- Cuba\Cubi
5- بنما/بنميّ5- Panama\Panamanian5- Panama\Panami 

The most spoken languages are English الإنجليزية, Spanish الإسبانية, French الفرنسية, and many others. And the largest cities in this continent are: New York City نيويورك, Mexico City المكسيك, Boston بوسطن, Chicago شيكاغو, Miami ميامي, Toronto تورونتو, Miami ميامي, and others. 

South America (أمريكيا الجنوبية) :

4أمريكا الجنوبيةSouth AmericaAmrika aljanoubiya
1- البرازيل/برازيليّ1- Brazil\Brazilian1- Albarazil\Brazili
2- الأرجنتين/أرجنتينيّ2- Argentina\Argentine2- Al’arjanteen\Argantini
3- فنزويلا/فنزويليّ3- Venezuela\Venezuelan3- Venezuela\Vensuali
4- بوليفيا/بوليفيّ4- Bolivia\Bolivian4- Bolivia\Bolivi
5- كولومبيا/كولومبيّ5- Colombia\Colombian5- Colombia\Colombi
6- الإكوادور/إكوادوريّ6- Ecuador\Ecuadorian6- El’equador\Equadori
7- تشيلي/تشيليّ7- Chile\Chilean7- Chili\Chili
8- سورينام/سوريناميّ8- Suriname\Surinamese8- Surinam\Surinami
9- غويانا الفرنسية/غويانيّ9- French Guiana\French Guianese9- Guiana alfaransiya\Guiani

The most spoken languages there are: Spanish الإسبانية, Portuguese البرتغالية, English الإنجليزية, French الفرنسية, Dutch الهولندية, and others. The largest cities in South America are: São Paulo ساوباولو, Rio de Janeiro ريو دي جانيرو, Santiago سانتياغو, Salvador سلفادور, Lima ليما, and many others.

Europe (أوروبا) :

5أوروباEuropeOroba
1- ألمانيا/ألمانيّ1- Germany\German1- Almanya\Almani
2- فرنسا/فرنسيّ2- France\French2- Faransa\Faransi
3- إيطاليا/إيطاليّ3- Italy\Italian3- Italya\Itali
4- إسبانيا/إسبانيّ4- Spain\Spanish4- Spainia\Spani
5- النمسا/نمساويّ5- Austria\Austrian5- Namsa\Namsawi
6- هولندا/هولنديّ6- Netherlands\Dutch6- Holanda\Holandi
7- بريطانيا العظمى/بريطانيّ7-Great Britain\British7- Britannia al’ozma
8- أوكرانيا/أوكرانيّ8- Ukraine\Ukrainian8- Okrania\Okrani
9- اليونان/يونانيّ9- Greece\Greek9- Alyounan\Younani
10- بولندا/بولنديّ10- Poland\Polish10- Polanda\Polandi
11- جمهورية التشيك\تشيكيّ11- Czech republic\Czech11- Jumhuriyat attchik\chiki
12- هنغاريا\هنغاريّ12- Hungary\Hungarian12- Hingaria\Hingari

The most spoken languages in Europe are: Russian الروسية, German الألمانية, French الفرنسية, Italian الإيطالية, Spanish الإسبانية, Dutch الهولندية, and others. And the Largest urban areas are: Moscow موسكو, Istanbul إسطنبول, Paris باريس, London لندن, Madrid مدريد, Milan ميلان, Barcelona برشلونة, Berlin برلين, Rome روما.

Australia (أستراليا) :

6أسترالياOceaniaAustralia
1- أستراليا/أستراليّ1- Australia\Australian1- Australia\Australi
2- نيوزيلاندا/نيوزيلانديّ2- New zealand\New zealand2- New zealandaNew zealandi

The most spoken languages in Oceania are: English الإنجليزية, Indonesian الإندونيسية, and others. And the largest cities are: Melbourne ملبورن, Sydney سيدني, Brisbane بريزبان.

Antarctica (القارة القطبية الجنوبية) :

7القارة القطبية الجنوبيةAntarcticaAlqarra alqtbiya aljanoubiya

You can watch the following video to learn how to pronounce these continents, countries, and nationalities.

Conversations in Arabic about nationalities:

In the next table you find examples of using countries and nationalities in conversations: 

Conversations 1:

ArabicEnglish Pronunciation
السلام عليكم، من أين أنتَ؟ Assalamu alaikom, where are you from?Assalamu alaikum, min ayna anta? 
أنا من العراق، أنا عراقيّ. وأنتم؟I’m from Iraq, I’m Iraqi. and you?Ana min al’iraq, ana iraqi. Wa antum?
نحن من المغرب، نحن مغربيّون
We are from Morocco, we are Moroccans. Nahnu min almaghrib, nahnu maghribiun. 
  وهي من أين؟ Where is she from?Wa hiya min ayn? 
هي من ليبيا، هي ليبيّة.She is from Libya, she is Libyan.Hiya min libya, hiya lybyia.

Conversations 2:

ArabicEnglish Pronunciation
مرحباً، من أي بلد أنتِ؟Hello, from which country are you?Mrhbaan, min ay baladen anti? 
أنا من فيتنام، أنا فيتناميّة. وأنتَ؟I’m from Vietnam, I’m Vietnamese. And you?Ana min vietnam, ana vietnamyia. Wa anta? 
أنا من الصين، أنا صينيّ. وهم؟I’m from China, I’m Chinese. And they?Ana min assin, ana sini. Wa hum? 
هم من روسيا، هم روس.They are from Russia, they are Russians.Hum min russya, hum russ. 
وهو من أوكرانيا، هو أوكرانيّHe’s from Ukraine, he’s Ukrainian.Wa huwa min okranya, huwa okrani.

Conversations 3:

ArabicEnglish Pronunciation
من أين روز؟Where is Rose from?Min ayna Rose? 
هي من أمريكا، هي أمريكية.She is from America, she is American.Hiya min Amrika hiya amrikia. 
من أين توني؟Where is Tony from?Min ayna Tony? 
هو من المكسيك، هو مكسيكي.He is from Mexico, he is Mexican.Huwa min almaxik, huwa maxiki.

Related Lessons

You can watch the following video to learn how to read these conversations.

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