best way to learn Arabic alphabet in English for beginners – 2024

Is learning arabic one of the goals that you wanna achieve in your life?

You have just made an amazing choice by coming to our website. All of our lessons have been written by native Arabic speakers who have professional techniques to teach the Arabic language to foreigners. You will be amazed at how fast you learn one of the most difficult languages in the world !! Is it really that difficult?

Well, it’s not! Learning how to speak, read and write like a normal native speaker it’s not that difficult. It’s like any other language you need to spend some time to learn it, however, the hard part is if your goal is to be a pro in Arabic and write or speak formal speeches, which takes years to learn the regulations and the language grammar they are very complicated due to Arabic is an eloquence language, Of course, it’s not impossible still it takes years to master.

Arabic alphabet (Abjad)

The Arabic alphabet, which is called Abjad letters (Al-horof al-abjadiyah) contains 28 letters each one of them can be pronounced in four different ways, however, in this lesson, we’re going to learn just the basic pronunciation and step by step you will learn all of the variations in the Arabic alphabet.

We have made the simplest way possible to get used to the Arabic letter’s shape and pronunciation.

The alphabet Ponunciation
1أAlif
2بBaa
3تTaa
4ثThaa
5جJeem
6حHaa
7خKhaa
8دDaal
9ذThaal
10رRaa
11زZay
12سSeen
13شSheen
14صSsaad
15ضDaad
16طTah
17ظThaa
18عAyn
19غGhayn
20فFaa
21قQaf
22كKaf
23لLam
24مMeem
25نNoon
26هHaa
27وWow
28يYaa

After having a basic idea about the Arabic alphabet we highly recommend you to check out the separate articles for each letter for more details and explanation, Good luck!

Alif “أ” :

Alif is the first letter in the Arabic alphabet, alif is a vowel sound that contributes to determining the pronunciation of the word and helps to give value to consonant sounds because most words are difficult to pronounce because of their phonetic exits, Alif has many forms and it is pronounced in three forms, which we will learn about later on but for we will take the basic pronunciation which corresponds to the letter “A” in the word “Apple” in English.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
أسدLion‘Asad

To learn more about “Alif”, Check out the Alif article.

Baa “ب” :

Baa’ is the second letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “B” in the word “Barbeque” in English, and it is a letter that has many meanings, baa‘ is very easy to write, as it resembles a plate with a dot under it.

•Example :

Arabic English pronunciation
بابDoorBaab

For more details about “Baa’ “, Check out the Baa article.

Taa “ت” :

Taa’ is the third letter in the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letterT” in the word “Table” in English, It has two known forms, but it is of several types. Its syntax varies in every position of the sentence, Taa‘ is very similar to Baa’, its shape is similar to a plate with two dots above it.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
تمرDateTamr

For more details about “Taa’ “, Check out the Taa article.

Thaa “ث” :

Thaa’ is the fourth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the two letters “Th” in the word “Thaw” in English, Thaa’ is very similar to Baa’ and “Taa'”, its shape is similar to a plate with three dots above it, The letter Thaa‘ represents the least complex letter among the letters of the Arabic alphabet.

•Examples :

Arabic English Pronunciation
ثورBullThawr

For more details about “Thaa’ “, Check out the Thaa article.

Jeem “ج” :

Jeem is the fifth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “J” in the word “January” in English, its pronunciation varies in many Arab countries, and the shape of the jeem varies according to its position in the word.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
جميلBeautifulJamil

To learn more about “Jeem”, Check out the Jeem article.

Haa “ح” :

Haa’ is the sixth letter of the Arabic alphabet, its shape is similar to the letter Jeem but without its dot. The letter Haa‘ is distinguished in the Arabic language because there is nothing that matches it in English and this is what is difficult for many to pronounce, but of course, we will learn and simplify it as much as possible.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
حصانHorseHisan

To learn more about “Haa’ “, Check out the Haa article.

Khaa “خ” :

Khaa’ is the seventh letter of the Arabic alphabet, khaa’ is also distinguished, as 31 verses in the Holy Qur’an started with it, and it does not exist in the English language. The shape of kha is similar to the letter jeem and haa’.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
خروفSheepKharuf

To learn more about “Khaa’ “, Check out the Khaa article.

Daal “د” :

Daal is the eighth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “D” in the word “Dark” in English, and it is one of the letters that does not have points. The letter Daal is easy and clear to pronounce.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
دُبBearDob

To learn more about “Daal”, Check out the Daal article.

Thaal “ذ” :

Thaal is the ninth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the two letters “Th” in the word “The” in English, and it is a letter very similar to the letter Daal, it differs from it by only a point above it. It has a distinct sound when we pronounce it.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
ذُبابةFlyDhubabah

To learn more about “Thaal”, Check out the Thaal article.

Raa’ “ر” :

Raa’ is the tenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “R” in the word “Rabbit” in English, Raa’ is a great letter mentioned in the Qur’an 11,793 times, it is devoid of dots, and its shape is very simple and easy to write and varies according to its position in the word.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
رقمNumberRaqm

To learn more about “Raa’ “, Check out the Raa article.

Zay “ز” :

Zay is the eleventh letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “Z” in the word “Zap” in English, The shape of the letter “Zay” resembles the shape of the letter “Raa’ ” by increasing a point above it.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
زجاجةBottleZujajah

To learn more about “Zay”, Check out the Zay article.

Seen “س” :

Seen is the twelfth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “S” in the word “Same” in English, Seen shape is free of dots, its shape varies depending on its location in the word.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
سيارةCarSayarah

To learn more about “Seen”, Check out the Seen article.

Sheen “ش” :

Shen is the thirteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the two letters “Sh” in the word “Shame” in English, it is a three-pointed letter, similar to the shape of the letter “Seen”, and its shape varies according to its location in the word.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
شجرةTreeShajarah

To learn more about “Sheen”, Check out the Sheen article.

Ssaad “ص” :

Ssaad is the fourteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it is one of the letters devoid of points and There is no letter corresponding to the “Ssaad” in English.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
صقرHawkSsaqr

To learn more about “Ssaad”, Check out the Ssaad article.

Daad “ض” :

Daad is the fifteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, the shape of the letter “Daad” is similar to the shape of the letter “Ssaad”, which is increased by a point above. In the past, the Arabic language was called the language of the daad, because they believed that only the Arabic language possessed this letter.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
ضوضاءNoiseDhawdha’

To learn more about “Daad”, Check out the Daad article.

Tah “ط” :

Tah is the sixteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it is a letter devoid of dots. There is no letter corresponding to the “Tah’ “in English.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
طباخCookerTabakh

To learn more about “Tah’ “, Check out the Tah article.

Thaa “ظ” :

Thaa’ is the seventeenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, it differs from Ttaa’ in one point only, Thaa’ is also a distinct letter in the Arabic language so that there is no letter corresponding to the “Thaa’ “in English.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
ظفرNailThofr

To learn more about “Thaa’ “, Check out the Thaa article.

Ayn “ع” :

Ayn is the eighteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, there is no letter corresponding to the “Ayn” in English. It is used frequently in Muslim names such as Ali, Abdullah, Aisha…The letter “Ayn” has many shapes.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
عنبgrapesEanab

To learn more about “Ayn “, Check out the Ayn article.

Ghayn “غ” :

Ghayn is the nineteenth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it is similar to the letter “Aeyn”, differing from it only by a point. There is no letter corresponding to the “Ghayn” in English.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
غيمةCloudGhaymah

To learn more about “Ghayn “, Check out the Ghayn article.

Faa “ف” :

Fa’a is the twentieth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “F” in the word “Fantastic” in English, the letter “Faa” is many types, and its shape changes according to its position in the word.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
فستانDressFustan

To learn more about “Faa’ “, Check out the Faa article.

Qaf “ق” :

Qaf is the twenty-first letter of the Arabic alphabet, and its pronunciation varies in many Arab countries. The Qaf is very similar to the letter Faa’, as they differ in only one point.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
قلمPencilQalam

To learn more about “Qaf “, Check out the Qaf article.

Kaf “ك” :

Kaaf is the twenty-second letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “K” in the word “Kale” in English, Kaf has different functions in the sentence.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
كلبDogKalb

To learn more about “Kaf “, Check out the Kaf article.

Lam “ل” :

Lam is the twenty-third letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “L” in the word “Last” in English, and it has several different functions in the sentence, especially in the field of grammar.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
لحمMeatLahm

To learn more about “Lam “, Check out the Lam article.

Meem ” م” :

Meem is the twenty-fourth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “M” in the word “Man” in English, Meem is a blessed letter, and it has its own rulings in the science of intonation in the Holy Qur’an.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
موزBananaMawz

To learn more about “Meem “, Check out the Meem article.

Noon “ن” :

Nuun is the twenty-fifth letter in the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “N” in the word “Name” in English, Noon is very easy to write and pronounce. Its shape varies according to its location in the word.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
نملةAntNamlah

To learn more about “Noon “, Check out the Noon article.

Haa “ه” :

Haa’ is the twenty-sixth letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “H” in the word “Happy” in English. Haa’ has many meanings and many forms.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
هلالCrescentHilal

To learn more about “Haa’ “, Check out the Haa article.

Waaw “و”:

Waaw is the twenty-seventh letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “W” in the word “War” in English, it is of several types. Waaw has several functions in the sentence and in the field of grammar, It is of great importance in the Arabic language.

•Example :

Arabic English Pronunciation
وسيمHandsomeWaseem

To learn more about “Waaw”, Check out the Waaw article.

Yaa’ “ي” :

Yaa’ is the last letter of the Arabic alphabet, and it corresponds to the letter “Y” in the word “Yellow” in English. The letter Yaa’ has several types, and it has many complex rules, we will try to simplify them in a special article.

•Exapmple :

Arabic English Pronunciation
يدHandYad

To learn more about “Yaa’ “, Check out the Yaa article.

In this way, we have learned all the letters of the Arabic alphabet and have taken a look at them. For more details and depth, you will find a comprehensive article for each letter.

What is the order of the letter Khaa’ in the Arabic alphabet?

It is the seventh.

Is the letter “م” pronounced Meem?

Yes, it is.

I want you to extract for me the letters of the word “حب”, please

There are two letters: Haa’ “ح” and Baa’ “ب”.

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